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UPSC stands for the Union Public Service Commission, which is India's premier central recruiting agency responsible for conducting examinations for various civil services and government posts. Here's an overview:

### Establishment and Role:

1. Establishment: UPSC was established on October 1, 1926, under the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1919, and later enshrined in the Constitution of India under Article 315.

2. Constitutional Body: It is a constitutional body mandated with the responsibility of recruiting personnel for the All India Services (IAS, IPS, IFS) and Central Civil Services, as well as advising the government on personnel matters.

### Functions and Responsibilities:

1. Conducting Examinations: UPSC conducts various competitive examinations, including the Civil Services Examination (CSE), Engineering Services Examination (ESE), Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE), National Defence Academy Examination (NDA), and others.

2. Recruitment: UPSC recruits candidates for prestigious civil services such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), and other central government posts.

3. Advisory Role: UPSC advises the government on matters related to the recruitment, promotion, and disciplinary actions concerning civil servants, as well as framing rules and regulations governing their service conditions.

4. Selection Process: The selection process for civil services examinations conducted by UPSC includes multiple stages such as Preliminary Examination (Prelims), Main Examination (Mains), Personality Test (Interview), and Medical Examination.

### Examinations Conducted by UPSC:

1. Civil Services Examination (CSE): CSE is one of the most prestigious examinations conducted by UPSC to recruit candidates for the IAS, IPS, IFS, and other central civil services.

2. Engineering Services Examination (ESE): ESE is conducted to recruit engineers for various engineering services under the central government.

3. Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE): CDSE is conducted for recruitment into the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), Air Force Academy (AFA), and Officers' Training Academy (OTA).

4. National Defence Academy Examination (NDA): NDA is conducted for admission to the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy for training cadets.

### Examination Pattern:

1. Civil Services Examination (CSE): CSE consists of three stages: Preliminary Examination (Objective Type), Main Examination (Written Examination and Personality Test), and Interview.

2. Engineering Services Examination (ESE): ESE comprises three stages: Preliminary Examination, Main Examination (Conventional Type), and Personality Test (Interview).

3. Other Examinations: Each examination conducted by UPSC follows a specific pattern and syllabus tailored to the requirements of the respective service or post.

### Importance and Impact:

1. Merit-Based Recruitment: UPSC ensures merit-based selection of candidates for key government positions, fostering professionalism, integrity, and accountability in the civil services.

2. Leadership Development: UPSC examinations provide opportunities for talented individuals to serve the nation in various capacities, including policy formulation, administration, law enforcement, defense, and diplomacy.

3. Nation-Building: Civil servants recruited through UPSC examinations play a crucial role in nation-building by implementing government policies, delivering public services, and addressing socio-economic challenges.

4. Preservation of Democracy: UPSC upholds the principles of democracy by ensuring the recruitment of competent, impartial, and ethical civil servants who uphold the rule of law and serve the interests of the people.

### Conclusion:

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) plays a pivotal role in the recruitment and selection of civil servants and government officials in India. With its rigorous examination process, UPSC identifies and recruits talented individuals who contribute to the effective governance, development, and welfare of the nation, thereby upholding the values of democracy, integrity, and public service.

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